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Hadith: Abu Bakr and Umar ministers of the Prophet (S) on earth

September 20, 2011 Leave a comment

بسم الله

و الصلاة و السلام علي رسول الله و علي اله و صحبه و سلم

 

This has come through Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri, Ibn Abbas, Anas bin Malik and Abu Dharr Al-Ghifari.

Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri

It was recorded by Tirmidhi (3680) through the way of Taleed bin Suleiman from Abul Jihaf from Atiyya (Al-Awfi) from Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri who said: The Messenger of Allah (saw) said, “There was not a Prophet except he had two ministers (wazeeraan) from the people of heaven and two from the people of earth. As for my ministers from the people of heaven then they are Jibreel and Mikail, and from the people of earth they are Abu Bakr and Umar.”

Tirmidhi said, “this Hadith is Hasan Ghareeb”.

In the Isnad of the above Atiyya Al-Awfi was weak and a mudallis[1]. Taleed bin Suleiman was weak and a Rafidhi, some even accused of lying[2]. Abul Jihaf Dawud bin Abi Awf, majority declared him trustworthy but some slightly criticized him[3].

Note: Early Shia used to have positive view of Abu Bakr and Umar particularly. So no wonder they narrated in their praise. All of them Atiya Al-Awfi, Abul Jihaf and Taleed were shia.

Also narrated by Abu Abdullah Al-Hakim in “Al-Mustadrak” (3046) through the way of ‘Ataa bin Ajlaan from Abu Nadhrah from Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri…marfoo’.

Al-Hakim said, “Isnad of this is Sahih”. And Dhahabi agreed[4] in Talkhis.

Al-Albani said, “And this from his (Dhahabi’s) wonder (ajaa’ib), because this Ibn Ajlaan was not better than Sawaar, for Dhahabi himself said in “Al-Mizan”[5], “Ibn Mu’een said, he (Ibn Ajlaan) was nothing, he was a liar. And at another place he said, narration were fabricated for him and he used to narrate it. Al-Fallaas said, Liar. Bukhari said, Munkirul Hadith.”[6]

There are other ways of this narration. Hence, Shaykh Al-Albani said:

“And it is also narrated through Sawaar bin Mus’ab from Atiyya Al-Awfi from Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri as a marfoo’ report. It was recorded by Al-Baghwi in “Al-Ja’diyyaat” (Q 1/93), Al-Hakim (2/264), Ibn Asakir (9/588, manuscript photocopy), and Hakim considered it weak. That is because this Sawaar is known weak reporter. In fact Bukhari said, Munkirul Hadith. Nasai and others said, Matrook. Hakim said, narrates munkar reports from A’amash and Ibn Khalid, and fabricated reports from Atiyya Al-Awfi.”[7]

 

Ibn Abbas

It was recorded by Tabrani in “Al-Kabeer” (11/179, no.11446), Abu Nu’aim in “Al-Hilyah” (8/160) through the way of Abdur-Rahman bin Nafe’ from Muhammad bin Mujeeb from Wuhaib bin Al-Ward from Ataa bin Abi Rabaah from Ibn Abbas, he said: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “Allah strengthened me through four chiefs”. We asked, “O Messenger of Allah! Who are those four?” He said, “Two of them are from the people of heaven and two are from the people of earth.” So I asked, “who were the two from the people of heaven?” He said, “Jibrael and Meekail.” I (again) asked, “and who were the two from the people of earth?” He said, “Abu Bakr and Umar”.

Regarding the narrator Muhammad bin Mujeeb, Ibn Mu’een said, “Liar, the enemy of Allah”. Abu Hatim said, “Dhaahib Al-Hadith”[8].

This was also recorded by Al-Bazzaar in his Musnad, as in “Kashf Al-Astar” (3/167), through the way of Abdur-Rahman bin Malik bin Mighwal from Laith from Mujahid from Ibn Abbas…marfoo’.

Abdur-Rahman bin Malik was accused of lying. Hence Abu Dawud said, liar. At other place he said, “he used fabricate Hadith”[9]. Al-Haythami agreed with this in Majma’ Az-Zawaid (5/91).

This report has also come through the way of Umar bin Abi Ma’roof from Laith from Mujahid from Ibn Abbas…marfoo’. This was recorded by Ibn Adi in “Al-Kaamil” (5/32).

Ibn Adi said, “Umar bin Abi Ma’roof Al-Makki. Not known, he was Munkir Al-Hadith”.

 

Anas bin Malik

Shaikh Al-Albani said, “And this was reported from the Hadith of Anas bin Malik. Khalil bin Zakariyyah narrates it, he said, narrated to us Muhammad bin Thabit who said, reported to me my father Thaabit Al-Bunani from him (Anas) as a marfoo’ report. It was recorded by Ibn Sam’un Al-Wa’iz in his Amaali (1/57/1). And this Khalil is matrook (abandoned). And Muhammad bin Thaabit was weak.”

 

Abu Dharr Al-Ghifari

Recorded by Ibn Asakir in Tarikh Damishq (44/65) through the way of Abu Ya’la Al-Mawsili who said Sahl bin Zanjlah Ar-Razi informed us, Abdur-Rahman bin Umar informed us, Muhammad bin Ali bin Husain Al-Azdi informed us, narrated to us Hasan from Ahnaf bin Qais from Abu Dharr…marfoo’.

Al-Albani said, “this isnad is weak. Hasan – who is Al-Basari – was a mudallis, and here he narrated with ‘an’ana. And the two before him I don’t know who were they.”

In conclusion, this report is extremely weak, that is because all the route of this contain either liars, Matrook or unknown narrators, and these type of Isnad cannot support each other. This doesn’t mean the meaning of the narration is incorrect.  Indeed, Abu Bakr and Umar, radhiyAllahu ‘anhuma, were the viziers of Rasulullah (S), but the statement under discussion is not proven from the Messenger of Allah,(SAW). And Allah knows best.


[1]  Those who declared him weak include Ahmed bin Hanbal, Abu Hatim, Abu Zar’ah, Abu Dawud, Ibn Hibban etc. Hafiz Ibn Hajar included him among mudallis narrators. See, “Tahdheeb At-Tahdheeb” (7/200-202), Tabaqat Al-Mudalliseen (pg.50).

[2] Ibn Mu’een said, “liar, he used to insult Uthman”. Abu Dawud and Ya’qoob bin Sufiyan said, “Rafidhi Khabeeth”. Nasai said, weak. Ibn Adi said, “It is clear from his reports that he was weak”. As-Saaji said, liar. Hakim and Naqqaash said, “Munkir Al-Hadith, he used narrate fabrications through Abul Jihaaf”. Abu Ahmed Al-Hakim said, “he was not strong”. Daar Qutni said, weak. [Tahdheeb (1/447-448)]

[3] Sufiyan Thawri and Ahmed bin Hanbal declared him reliable trustworthy. Abu Hatim said, Saleh Al-Hadith. Nasai said, “nothing bad with him”. While Ibn Adi said, “He, according to me, was not strong, and not to be taken as proof”. [Tahdheeb (3/170)]

[4] Dhahabi’s agreement with AL-Hakim in his Talkhis of Al-Mustadrak is an issue of debate among contemporary Hadith scholars, as whether Dhahabi’s agreement there is just a summary of Al-Hakim’s verdict or it is his real agreement. Dr. Azeez Rashid Muhammad Ad-Dayani, a Hadith teacher in a university of Baghdad, has a book “Tasheeh Ahadeeth Al-Mustadrak bain Al-Hakim An-Naisaburi wa AL-Hafiz Adh-Dhahabi” on the topic.

[5] Meezan Al-E’itedal (3/75)

[6] Besides that, Amr bin Ali said, liar. Abu Zur’ah said, weak. Abu Hatim Ar-Razi said, “Matrook Al-Hadith”. Abu Dawud said, “He was nobody”. Nasai said, “he was not trustworthy, and his report is not to be written”. Tirmidhi said, “he was weak, Dhaahib Al-Hadith”. Al-Jawzjani said, liar.  Ali bin Junaid said, Matrook. [Tahdheeb At-Tahdheeb (7/186-187)]

[7] Besides that, Yahya bin Mu’een said regarding Sawwaar that he was nothing. Abu Dawud said, he was not a trustworthy narrator. Ahmed and Abu Hatim said, Matrook Al-Hadith. Ahmed also said, “he was nothing”. [Lisan Al-Meezan (3/128)]

[8] And Ibn Uqdah said, Munkar Al-Hadith. [Tahdheeb (9/380)]

[9]  Ahmed and Daar Qutni said, Matrook. Nasai said, “he wasn’t trustworthy”.  Ibn Mu’een said, “I’ve seen him and he is not truthful”. Abu Hatim said, Matrook Al-Hadith.  [Lisan Al-Meezan (3/427)]